Application of hardware configuration of aluminum alloy outer casement window
The durability of the physical properties of doors and windows is directly related to the structure and performance of the hardware. In order to ensure the sealing performance of doors and windows, in addition to the four sides of the window sash that can be locked at the same time, the hardware system can realize the three-dimensional adjustment of the window sash relative to the window frame, so as to ensure that the closing pressing force of the doors and windows is effectively adjusted, thereby ensuring the energy-saving performance of the doors and windows.
Because the door and window industry in China adopted European standard door and window hardware in the early stage of development, its notch also adopts European standard groove. The so-called European standard slot is the standard slot for the installation hardware used uniformly in Europe. The use of the standard slot makes the standardized production and versatility of door and window hardware and profiles inevitable.
Since the width of the aluminum alloy door and window sash is 15mm and 20mm, it is called 15/20mm slot in Europe. Because of its shape like the English letter C, it is also called the C slot. As shown in Figure 1: In addition to the standard of the notch size, it is more important to match the frame and fan with the reference line.
The installation of aluminum alloy doors and windows C slot hardware is mostly clamp type, as shown in Figure 2. It is easy to install, does not damage the profile, and can be easily solved for later maintenance and upgrades.
Aluminum alloy outer casement window hardware configuration
The outer casement window is divided into single opening and half opening, and the hardware equipped with it needs to have the handle of the transmission mechanism, the transmission locking part, and the sliding support. Among them, the single-opening outer casement window (the diagonal line is not more than 0.7m) can also be equipped with single-point locking, that is, using spinning handles and sliding supports.
The external casement window type has a large ventilation area and can achieve good ventilation performance; the casement opening is simple to operate, and the window is convenient to clean; it adopts multi-point locking, and the overall safety performance of the doors and windows is high. However, due to the outward opening, the window sash is exposed to the wind, the sun and the rain, which is easy to fade, corrode and damage; in the season of strong winds, there is a risk of being blown off when the window is opened on the high-rise. Therefore, the selection of the specifications and quality of the hardware handle, transmission rod and sliding support is particularly important, and the total quotation of the optional hardware needs to be clarified.
The configuration and quality of the hardware of the outer casement window directly affect the physical properties such as wind pressure resistance, air tightness and water tightness after the window is closed. Among them, the number and position of locking points of the transmission lock will directly affect the wind pressure resistance and air tightness of the whole window, and indirectly affect the water tightness.
The handle and the streamlined design make the user feel comfortable during use. The main body is connected with screws and the bottom gasket is locked, which is convenient and quick. After installation, the screws are not exposed, keeping the appearance of the product consistent and beautiful. The fork is made of high-quality zinc alloy material, the handle has higher torsional strength, and can be applied to a wide range of profile specifications.
The locking point is made of SUS304 stainless steel, which has high strength, good corrosion resistance and adjustable sealing.
The transmission rod is made of high-quality aluminum alloy and zinc alloy, and the surface of the aluminum alloy adopts anodizing process, which has a beautiful and shiny appearance.
The lock is made of zinc alloy, and the surface is nickel-plated and chrome-plated, with good metallic gloss, enhanced connection strength, surface hardness above 4H, good wear resistance, and more scratch resistance.
The sliding support adopts a high-load-bearing free-milling groove sliding support, which does not require profile processing, and perfectly matches the European standard C-groove profile, which improves installation efficiency, accurate positioning and convenient installation. The slider made of H62 brass is wear-resistant and noise-reducing, with a load-bearing capacity of up to 60KG. The whole is made of 304 stainless steel, which has good corrosion resistance. The load-bearing rod is 3.0mm thick, and the reinforced rib design is used. Consistent. The unique bottom groove design is perfectly matched with the profile groove, which allows drainage, dustproof, smooth sliding and no abnormal noise; long reset and locking stroke, safe and anti-theft, and good locking and sealing performance.
The lifting block and the lock seat cooperate with the door and window to open and close smoothly, and when the window sash is closed, it can balance the force with the sliding brace, which can effectively improve the service life of the door and window, especially the window with a sash width greater than 650mm. The material is engineering modified nylon, zinc alloy, 304 stainless steel, and the zinc alloy surface is treated with nickel and chrome plating, which has the characteristics of high strength and high corrosion resistance.
The middle lock is an optional accessory. When the height of the window sash is greater than 1200mm, in order to maintain the rigidity of the window sash, prevent the deflection of the profile from bending, and affect the sealing performance of the door and window, a lock point lock must be added at the maximum bending point in the middle of the window sash to play a better role. of sealing. The material is engineering modified nylon, zinc alloy, 304 stainless steel, and the zinc alloy surface is treated with nickel and chrome plating, which has the characteristics of high strength and high corrosion resistance.
The fall arrester is made of high-strength aluminum alloy and 304 stainless steel. According to DB33/T 1064-2021 "Technical Specifications for Application of Aluminum Alloy Building Exterior Windows" 4.1.3 Residential buildings with a building height greater than 27.0m and non-residential buildings with a building height greater than 24.0m. The external windows of single-story public buildings should be opened in the form of internal opening. When using external opening windows or sliding windows, there must be devices or measures to prevent the window sash from falling off to the outside. The FCG fall arrester is firmly fixed with the clamping stainless steel clamp block and the profile, and the integrated combination will never be separated.
The micro-ventilation limiter is made of engineering modified nylon and 304 stainless steel, with high strength and easy operation. According to DB33/T 1064-2021 "Technical Regulations for the Application of Aluminum Alloy Building Exterior Windows" 4.15.5 The exterior windows of residential buildings should have children or other indoor Safety protection measures for people falling from indoors to outdoors. FCE-A micro-ventilation limiter adopts hand-push handle operation, easy to open, realizes full opening and micro-ventilation, and is equipped with a normally closed safety device to prevent children from opening doors and windows by mistake.
1. The window sash is too large. Aluminum alloy casement windows have been widely used in southern my country due to their characteristics of high water tightness, not occupying indoor space, and convenient installation of screen windows. In recent years, large opening, floor-to-ceiling windows, and panoramic windows are beautiful and generous, and have been well received by customers. However, overly large opening fans have some safety problems in the use process, and even some falling window accidents have occurred, resulting in aluminum alloy outer casement windows. Some areas are restricted from use. The following is a brief analysis of some hidden safety hazards of aluminum alloy external casement windows.
According to DB33/T 1064-2021 "Technical Regulations for the Application of Exterior Windows in Aluminum Alloy Buildings" 4.2.5 The width of the casement sash should not exceed 650mm, the height should not exceed 1500mm, and the opening angle should not exceed 75°.
When the width of the sash exceeds 650mm, we should limit the opening angle of the sash, set the limit angle on the sliding brace, and install the micro-ventilation limiter, the main function is to prevent people from falling and ensure safety. According to the human body structure, considering the safety of the operator and the convenience of operation when opening and closing, the window sash should not be too large, and the sliding support of the functional parts has certain load requirements. Exceeding the corresponding load parameters will seriously affect the window sash. The long-term use of the opening and closing function and the frequent occurrence of falling objects in the news media have led to one after another shocking bloody case, hurting innocent people. Therefore, solving the problems of oversized window sash and firm hardware connection and reducing potential safety hazards is the first priority.
2. Scraping and abnormal noise when sliding support is opened and closed. The sliding brace is a device that supports the window sash to realize opening, closing and positioning. The sliding brace for the outer casement window is based on the profile that meets the requirements of the hardware installation size (≥16.5mm in height of the sliding brace stacking), and the biggest influence is the processing of doors and windows. the overlap problem. The larger overlap (6mm in European standard) is the cause of most engineering problems. Therefore, we have been asking door and window factories for trial installation, especially small-scale processing outsourcing factories.
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